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Phnom Penh, Cambodia
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Sangkat Phnom Penh Thmey,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
  Cambodia Infos  

Officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia, its total landmass is 181,035 square kilometers bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.

The kingdom is a constitutional monarchy with Norodom Sihamoni, a monarch chosen by the Royal Throne Council, as head of state. The current head of government is Hun Sen, who is currently the longest serving non-royal leader in South East Asia and has ruled Cambodia for over 25 years.

Cambodia's ancient name is "Kambuja" In 802 AD, Jayavarman II declared himself king marking the beginning of the Khmer Empire which flourished for over 600 years allowing successive kings to dominate much of Southeast Asia and accumulate immense power and wealth. The kingdom built monumental temples including Angkor Wat, now a World Heritage Site, and facilitated the spread of first Hinduism, then Buddhism to much of Southeast Asia. After the fall of Angkor to Ayutthaya in the 15th century, Cambodia was ruled as a vassal between its neighbors until it became a protectorate by the French in the mid-19th century. Cambodia gained independence in 1953.

The Vietnam War extended into Cambodia, during which the Khmer Rouge took Phnom Penh in 1975 and later carried out the Cambodian Genocide from 1975-1979 when they were ousted by Vietnam and then fought against the Vietnamese backed People's Republic of Kampuchea in the Cambodian–Vietnamese War (1979-1991). Following the 1991 Paris Peace Accords Cambodia was governed briefly by a United Nations mission (1992-1993). The UN withdrew after holding elections in which around 90% of the registered voters cast ballots. The 1997 coup placed power solely in the hands of President Hun Sen and the Cambodian People's Party who remain in power as of now.


Cambodia has since had one of the best economic records in Asia, with economic growth averaging 6 percent over the last 10 years. Strong textiles, agriculture, construction, garments, and tourism sectors led to foreign investments and international trade. Oil and natural gas deposits found beneath Cambodia's territorial waters in 2005 remain mostly untapped, due in part to territorial disputes with Thailand.

Despite economic improvements 20 % of the population remains below the poverty line. Cambodia's per capita income is rapidly increasing but is low compared to other countries in the region. Most rural households depend on agriculture and its related sub-sectors.

Aside Garments & Footwear, Rice, fish, timber, and rubber are Cambodia's major exports. Recently we have also seen opening of bag & toy factories. Garment export value in 2013 increased by some 20%, hitting a record of US$ 5.53 billion for the first time.

  Some key advantage for production in Cambodia  


  • GSP Form A and therewith Duty Free import of garments/footwear is applicable for Japan / EU / Canada

  • Labour Costs are relatively low at a minimum of US$ 100,- per month

  • Employees are pretty much loyal and stay in their factories for long time, not jumping from job to job as often seen in other countries

  History of textile production in Cambodia  

The textile sector in Cambodia has in fact a long history prior to the modern day production facilities that cater the demand for exports at present day times.
Weaving of silk and cotton and the manufacturing of clothes can be traced back to the early days of the Khmer empire. During the French colonial period Cambodia was a provider of raw materials as well as a buyer of finished products. After Independence from France in 1954 the industrialization process began. In the late 50's and the 60's textile and garment factories were built in several Provinces. Unfortunately these facilities were badly damaged or even destroyed during the fights that followed in the 70's & 80's.

In the mid-90's a new export garment industry started to develop and gained great momentum in the coming years. The Exports from the Cambodian Garment industry grew from US$ 4 million in 1994 to 5.5 billion in 2015.

Some 60% of exports now go to the US and around 25% to the EU, the balance to countries like Japan, Canada & Australia etc..

Currently there are some 600 garment as well as some 50 footwear manufacturers with more than 90% in the vicinity of the capital Phnom Penh - employing roughly 350.000 workers. Most investment in the factories is from Mainland China, Hong Kong as well as Taiwan.


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